The Empire State Building (ESB) is an 88-years-old skyscraper in 5th Avenue, Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Tourists love to go up the observatories on ESB and look at New York skyline.
It is so popular among visitors that it is also referred to as ‘America’s Favorite Architecture’.
In this article, we explain everything you must know before visiting the Empire State Building.
1. How to reach?
2. Opening hours
3. Best time to visit
4. What to see?
5. Tour duration
6. Free admission
7. Are tickets timed?
8. ESB tickets price
9. Ticket discounts
10. Buy ESB tickets
11. Combo tours
12. ESB at night
13. Audio Guide
What is the Empire State Building?
ESB is a 102 storied Art Deco skyscraper.
The Empire State Building is named after New York City’s nickname, The Empire State.
It held the title of the tallest structure for nearly 40 years.
The Empire State Building is a highly rated tourist attraction and also doubles up as an office building.
The ESB is an American cultural icon and has been featured in more than 250 TV shows and movies till date.
Where is Empire State Building located?
Empire State Building is located at the heart of Manhattan, New York, which is a mix of both, residential and commercial area.
Its exact location is 350, 5th Avenue, between 33rd and 34th Street.
The ESB is so large that, it has its own zip code – 10118.
How to reach Empire State Building?
If you aren’t already in Manhattan, the best way to reach the Empire State Building is the NYC subway.
Take the 1, 2 or 3 train and get down at Penn Station/34th Street.
Once you are out of the Subway, you must walk two blocks East to reach the ESB.
Your second option is to get onto B, D, F, M, N, Q, or R trains and get down at 34th Street/ Herald Square.
The moment you exit the Subway station, you will spot the Empire State Building to your East.
Empire State Building’s entrance is on Fifth Avenue between 33rd Street and 34th Street.
If you are already in Manhattan, we suggest you fire your Google Map and walk the distance. Click Here for directions
Times Square to Empire State Building
Times Square is located at 42nd street and the Empire State Building on the 34th street, which makes it 7 blocks downtown.
From Times Square, a 15-minute walk down the Broadway can get you to ESB. Jump to tickets section
Empire State Building timings
Empire State Building is open for tourists 365 days of the year, irrespective of the weather.
It opens at 8 am in the morning and closes at 2 am in the night.
The last trip up is at 1:15 am after which the elevator is shut down.
On a few special days the closing hours of ESB change:
Christmas Eve (December 24): 8 am to 10 pm
December 26 – 30: 7 am to 1 am
New Year’s: 7 am to 10 pm
Best time to visit Empire State building
The best time to visit Empire State depends on what you expect from your visit.
Best time to see sunrise
The best time to visit Empire State Building if you want to see the sunrise over New York, is 5 am.
The ESB gates open for a limited set of 100 people at 5 a.m., before it opens for the public. The ticket costs USD 100 per person.
The access to the observatory, on top of the Empire State Building, is provided only 30 minutes before the sunrise.
Best time to avoid crowd
If you want to avoid the crowd and reduce your waiting time at ESB, the best time to visit is between 8 am, and 10 am.
During these morning hours, the crowd is less, and the queues are short.
Best time to visit at night
New York looks stunning from the Empire State Building at night. Especially from the ESB observatory on the 102nd floor.
The perfect time to enjoy the Empire State Building at night is after 9 pm.
The last elevator up to the observatory leaves at 1:15 am and reaching Empire State after 9 pm means you can enjoy both the world’s most famous building and a night out in the city.
Crowds are minimal after 9 pm, and it will take you less than 20 minutes to get to the top.
If you are a couple looking for some romantic moments, we recommend night time.
Best time to take photos
Photographers love the Empire State Building because its observation decks provide a 360-degree view of the city.
If photography is your objective, make sure to check the weather.
Cloudy days result in bad photographs.
If you want to capture the Manhattan Skyline from ESB, there is a well-known ‘secret.’
And the secret is to visit the building just before the sunset.
You will be able to capture the views of the City in daylight, during sunset and finally at night when the lights come up.
To be on the safer side we recommend you buy Express Ticket online, which allows you to skip all the lines and be there in time for the sunset.
Note: Selfies with the city view in the background are a bit difficult to shoot from the 86th floor because of the protective fencing all around.
What to see at Empire State building?
Most tourists don’t know that ESB isn’t just about the observatories.
Let us list out all the must-see at this New York tourist attraction.
1. Empire State Building’s observation decks
The ESB is the 6th tallest building of the United States of America.
There are two observatories in Empire State Building – on the 86th and 102nd floors.
The Empire State building’s Observation decks allow a 360-degree view of the city.
Main Deck: 86th Floor observation deck
This is the highest open-air observatory in New York City.
High-powered binoculars present in the observatory help you get a closer look at the city.
Most of the days there is a live saxophonist present on this deck at night who (hold your breath), takes requests.
However, it is difficult to take selfies and photos from the 86th floor, since the protective fencing which comes in between.
Top Deck – 102nd floor observation deck
The 102nd-floor observatory is much smaller and completely enclosed.
It has huge glass windows through which, you can see the most beautiful panoramic view of New York City.
On a clear day, you can see as far as the five states – New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts.
From the Empire State Building observatory, you can see approximately 130 Kms (80 miles approx).
2. The Lobby
The ESB lobby is one of the few interior areas of the city, which have been labelled a historic landmark by the Landmarks Preservation Commission.
The backdrop of this lobby is an image of the Empire State Building itself, with beams of light radiating from the building.
During your visit, do spend time in the lobby.
3. Dare to Dream Exhibit
The ‘Dare to Dream’ Exhibition takes you through the story of how Empire State Building was built.
ESB’s history is narrated through various photographs, original documents, and other exhibits.
It is a real tribute to everyone who helped build ESB.
4. Sustainability Exhibit
In 2009, Empire State Building decided to use state of the art technology to reduce energy usage and carbon emissions.
The ambitious project aimed to reduce total energy usage by around 40%, energy costs by USD 4.4 million annually, and carbon emissions by 105,000 metric tons over the next decade.
In a fun way, the sustainability exhibition helps the visitors understand how the ESB went about this project.
Recommended Reading: Empire State Building facts
How long does Empire State Building take?
The duration Empire State Building tour depends on your agenda.
If you visit only the Empire State Building’s main deck (86th floor), your tour will last one hour.
If you are planning to visit both the main deck and the top deck (102nd floor), the duration of your tour will be approximately 90 minutes.
These are suggested tour durations when you have bought your tickets online.
However, if you haven’t bought your tickets online – you need to factor in 45 to 60 minutes more. Avoid waiting, buy tickets online
This time will be spent waiting in the queue at the ticketing counter, security checks etc.
Note: If you want, you can eliminate all waiting buy booking the Empire State Express tickets. This ticket allows you to skip all the lines. Buy ‘Express’ tickets
Empire State Building free entry
Empire State Building allows kids under the age of 6 years to enter for free.
Both the Passes let you skip the queue at the ticketing counter, and help you access the Empire State Building observatory for free.
With these Passes, there are lots of other landmarks you can enter and enjoy for free.
For instance, these passes help you gain free access to the Statue of Liberty, 9/11 Museum and Memorial, MoMA etc.
These Passes help you save up to 45% of your ticket cost.
Are Empire State Building tickets timed?
No, Empire State Building tickets are not timed.
The Observatory tickets purchased online can be used at any time within, one year from the date of purchase.
Whereas the tickets purchased at the ticket office must be used within 14 days from the date of purchase.
Empire State Building tickets price
To visit the Main deck, the price of a standard ticket for an adult is USD 37.
However, if you want to skip all the lines, you will have to buy an Express Entry ticket, which is priced at USD 65 for all visitors.
Once you are at Empire State Building, you can upgrade both the Standard and the Express Entry ticket by paying USD 20 more and go up to the Top Deck (102nd floor) as well.
If you want to watch the sunrise from the 86th floor of ESB, you can buy Sunrise ticket for USD 100 per person.
The price for the AM/PM combo pass is USD 53 for adults.
Empire State Building tickets discount
Some Empire State Building tickets have discounts for kids and senior citizens.
For instance, on the Standard Entry ticket kids get a 6 USD discount while the senior citizens get a 2 USD discount.
The ‘Day and Night’ ticket also has variable pricing. Kids tickets are discounted by 8.50 USD.
There are no discounts on Express Entry tickets – everybody above the age of 6 has the same ticket price. S
Similarly, there are no discounts on the ‘Sunrise ticket.’
Empire State Building tickets
When you visit the Empire State Building, there are three lines you stand in and wait your turn.
Line 1: The queue at the ticketing counter
Line 2: The queue at the security check
Line 3: The line in front of the elevators
The ‘Standard ticket’ helps you skip the first line and the ‘Express ticket’ helps you skip all the three lines.
Continue reading to know more –
1. Standard ticket to Main Deck (86th floor)
When you buy the ‘Standard ticket’ online, using the links provided in this article, you can skip the first line.
You won’t have to stand in the ticketing counter line because you will already have the entry tickets with you.
This ticket allows entry to the 86th-floor observatory – highest open-air observatory in New York City.
Adult ticket (13 to 61 years): USD 37
Seniors ticket (62+ years): USD 35
Child ticket (6 to 12 years): USD 31
Note: You can’t buy tickets to the Top Deck on the 102nd floor, online. You must purchase the Main deck (86th floor) ticket online, and upgrade it at the venue by paying an additional USD 20.
This upgrade is possible at the Ticket Office in the 2nd floor of Empire State Building or from the 86th-floor observatory.
2. Express ticket to Main Deck (86th floor)
With an Express ticket, you can skip the lines at the ticketing counter, jump to the front of the security check line, and also get to the front of the elevator queue.
In short, this is a lavish red carpet welcome.
We recommend the ‘Express ticket’ for weekends and holidays when the ESB is crowded.
You start with the observatory on the 86th floor and can upgrade to the one on the 102nd floor, for just 20 USD.
This ticket costs USD 65 for every tourist irrespective of their age group.
Children under six walk in free.
3. Sunrise Tickets
With the Empire State Building’s Sunrise ticket, you can watch the sunrise on New York from the best place possible – the 86th-floor observatory.
This tour starts at 5 am, and only 100 tickets are sold every day.
Access to this observatory is provided only 30 minutes before the sunrise.
This ticket costs USD 100 for every tourist irrespective of their age group.
Kids under 6 get in free and don’t need a ticket.
4. AM/PM Experience Tickets
This is a unique combo pass designed for the people who prefer a complete experience of the ESB.
Both the experiences of visiting the ESB at night and daytime are breathtaking but at the same time, extremely different.
If you want to experience, both go for the AM/PM ticket.
When to visit during the day?
If you buy this AM-PM ticket, we suggest you have the morning experience between 8 am to 10 am.
During this period, visitors have just started walking in.
When to enjoy the night view?
The AM/PM experience ticket allows you to use your night visit pass only after 9.30 pm.
The last elevator up to the observatory departs at 1:15 am so you can visit anytime between 9.30 pm to 1.15 am.
Adult ticket (13+ years): USD 53.25
Child ticket (6 to 12 years): USD 44.75
Kids below 6 years don’t need to buy tickets.
Empire State Building combo tours
There are a couple of reasons why ESB combo tours are quite popular among tourists in New York.
1. A tour of ESB gets over in 2 hours approximately, so visitors want to combine one more activity for the day.
2. Tourists want to save some money while booking Empire State Building tickets, which cost upwards of 30 USD per person.
And it is a well-known secret that combo tours help save 15 to 20% of the ticket cost.
Here are our favourite ESB combo tours –
1. Best of New York tour
This is a VIP escorted tour of the best New York has to offer.
Besides Empire State Building, you will also visit Intrepid Museum, take a water taxi tour of Hudson River, and finally visit 9/11 Memorial.
Adult ticket (3+ years): 175 USD
2. Empire State Building + Statue of Liberty cruise
In this combo ticket, once you have experienced the ESB observatory, you enjoy a cruise down the Hudson.
During the 75-minute cruise, you will see many famous New York landmarks including the Statue of Liberty.
3. New York City tour + Empire State Building
The first seven hours of this eight-hour long tour are spent exploring the city.
Some of the sites you will see are Central Park, Strawberry Fields, Lincoln Center, the Dakota building (where John Lennon was assassinated), Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, Museum Mile, upscale stores of Fifth Avenue, St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Rockefeller Center, Madison Square Park etc.
You finish your day atop the Empire State Building as you look down on a lit-up New York.
Empire State Building at night
Most tourists don’t know that that the Empire State Building is open until 2 am every night.
The last elevator to go up is at 1:15 am.
So when should one visit the Empire State Building? Day time or night?
Empire State Building day or night?
It is a difficult choice for sure.
If you have the time and the money, we suggest you visit the building twice – once in the morning and once at night. For this, you must buy the AM/PM Pass.
If you don’t want to make two trips to ESB, check out the advantages of visiting this magnificent building at night.
– You will be able to spot many famous illuminated skyscrapers (including the Wall Street)
– The Hudson River looks breathtaking, with the reflection of the city lights and the lit-up ferries moving across it.
– From the top of the Empire State Building, you can see for almost as far as 130 Kms (80 miles). All starlit.
– You can also spot the Statue of Liberty holding her torch, gleaming above the New York harbour.
– The building has thousands of programmable LED lights which, change colours on holidays and special observances. You can experience this upfront. For instance, on the Fourth of July, the tower is lit up with red, white, and blue lights.
– You can also see the shimmering lights of the of the Williamsburg and Brooklyn bridge.
– You get to enjoy the city view, and at the same time, you can star gaze as you get a close view of the night sky. It is like watching into two different galaxies, one above you and one that is below.
– You get your own personal space as the crowds are non-existent.
– It is perfect for a romantic getaway
– Most of the days there is a live saxophonist at night who takes requests.
– If you are a photography freak, you can quench your desire of capturing the perfect night sky and the city lights from such a great height.
Empire State Building audio guide
If you are visiting the ESB, you can download a free multimedia tour app, which acts as your audio guide.
The app can help you navigate through four specific areas:
1. The Sustainability Exhibit
2. “Dare to Dream” Exhibit (it is about the history of the building)
3. The 86th-floor observatory
4. The 102nd-floor Observatory
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